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: 1) ' (Bliss) : ", , - ." (Richard B. Bliss & Gary E. Parker, Origin of Life, California: 1979, p. 14.).

2) , Stanley Miller, Molecular Evolution of Life: Current Status of the Prebiotic Synthesis of Small Molecules, 1986, p. 7.. ' (McKean) Kevin McKean, Bilim ve Teknik, No 189, p. 7..

3)  McKean . (J. P. Ferris, C. T. Chen, "Photochemistry of Methane, Nitrogen, and Water Mixture As a Model for the Atmosphere of the Primitive Earth", Journal of American Chemical Society, vol 97:11, 1975, p. 2964.. (Ferris) '  (Chen)).

4) 3.5 . ("New Evidence on Evolution of Early Atmosphere and Life", Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol 63, November 1982, p. 1328-1330.). . .

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" 30,000 , . , . 300 . 1000 . , 4 1000. " ", ( .Frank B. Salisbury, "Doubts about the Modern Synthetic Theory of Evolution", American Biology Teacher, September 1971, p. 336.).

: , (Paul Auger, De La Physique Theorique a la Biologie,1970, p. 118.).  

: " , , , ", (Francis Crick, Life Itself: It's Origin and Nature, New York, Simon & Schuster, 1981, p. 88.).

 

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1979 -: "" , . . ? , ". (Special Publication 1979 scientific).  

: " " , ( )", (Crick, F. H. C., and Orgel, L. E. "Directed Panspermia," Icarus, 19, 341 (1973). : " , , " (Francis Crick, "Life Itself -- Its Origin and Nature ", Simon and Shuster (1981), N.Y. p. 88).   

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' "Physics Today": " , . , ", ( 1972).

,  (Shapiro), " -: ", . , . , ", (Robert Shapiro, Origins: A Sceptics Guide to the Creation of Life on Earth, Summit Books, New York: 1986, s. 207).

 

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